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Cumberland House

Cumberland House is the oldest surviving commercial riverside building in York. It was built circa 1710 by William Cornwell as his townhouse and warehouse.

This attractive Grade I listed building occupies a prominent position on the corner of Cumberland Street and King's Staith, beside the River Ouse. The river-facing elevation boasts ten perfectly proportioned 18-pane sash windows, evenly spaced in two rows across the attractive orange-red brick facade. The neatly painted ashlar quoin stones and hipped roof (with central gabled dormer) complete an elegant and imposing facade (see Image 1).

The building's vaulted-brick ground floor is only accessible from King's Staith and it was originally used as a warehouse. Nowadays, because of the constant risk of flooding (see Image 2), it is unused other than for parking a single small car.

The entrance to the former residential floors lies around the corner in Cumberland Street (see image 3). This attractively-framed doorway now provides access to a suite of offices located on the building's upper floors.

An old wooden sign attached to the wall in Cumberland Street reads:

"CUMBERLAND HOUSE
Erected in the early eighteenth century by Alderman William Cornwell, one time Sheriff and twice Lord Mayor of York. It appears to have been given its name in honour of the Duke of Cumberland, second son of King George II, who was given the freedom of the City on his way back to London after the Battle of Culloden in 1746."

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Cumberland House
Cumberland Street / King's Staith
York

 
Coordinates
Latitude: 53.956886000000
Longitude: -1.082808000000

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