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York's Millennium Bridge is a combination of footpath, cycle-route, bench-seat, viewpoint and sculpture that spans the River Ouse close to Rowntree Park.
The completed bridge weighs-in at around 310 tonnes and it cost £4.2 million to design, construct and install. The steel trapezoidal box-girder bridge deck is 140 metres long and weighs approximately 200 tonnes. It is supported by an 80 metre long, 40 tonne arch made from 12m long x 600mm wide x 200mm thick sections of highly polished stainless steel. The arch is set at an angle of 50 degrees to the horizontal and it supports the bridge deck via a series of 19mm diameter stainless steel cables set at approximately one-metre intervals.
The supporting arch and cables were designed to look like the rim and spokes of a bicycle wheel: a deliberate attempt by the designers (Whitby Bird & Partners) to create a visual link between form and function.
Although the bridge was commissioned as a Millennium project, the opening was delayed by a combination of contractual problems and flooding. The bridge was officially opened by Councillor Shan Braund (the Lord Mayor of York) on Tuesday, 10th April 2001.